Transitions and Linking Expressions


     Definition: A transition or linking expression is a word or group of words that is used to give a reader some obvious "directional signals." They act like thread to sew your ideas together. They explain how one idea is linked to another. By using a transition word you can sometimes combine two sentences into one. Presentations are full of transition as you relate your information to the audience. "Like" is not a transition when use in colloquial expressions such as: "Like my car would not start and then like I found out it was like out of gas." Anxious speakers should equip themselves with a quantity and variety of transition words to use so as not to fill empty presentation time with verbal clutter like "and" and "aah" and "like"

     Here are some lists of commonly used transition words or linking expressions. Some of the words are very formal and are more suitable for report writing. Others are more casual. The words are categorized according to the ways they are usually used, but they can be used in other ways as well. The word " finally," for instance, can be used to introduce a final argument in a cause-effect paragraph, or it can introduce additional information.

If you are unsure of a word's function, ask me or select a word you know better. Be careful not to overuse these transitions words. Their purpose is to show relationships between ideas and sentences so that sentences in a presentation or a paper flow more smoothly. If you use too many transition words, you interrupt that smooth flow, so be careful.

TRANSITIONS FOR NARRATION (STORYTELLING)

 

after

before

later

then

afterwards

during

meanwhile

until

as

finally

next

when

at the same time

first

now

while

 

TRANSITIONS FOR DESCRIPTION

above

below

in the distance

overhead

across from

beyond

nearby

on my left (right)

also

further

next to

opposite to

before

here

over

while

TRANSITIONS FOR ADDING TO IDEAS ALREADY STATED

again

besides

for instance

moreover

also

such

furthermore

one example of__

another

first.. second...finally

in addition

another example of

at the same time

for example

likewise

similarly

TRANSITIONS FOR SHOWING RESULT (CAUSE-EFFECT)

accordingly

because

therefore

at this point

as a result

consequently

thus

since ____ _____

at last

hence

to sum up ...

TRANSITIONS FOR CONTRASTING IDEAS

although

on the one hand...

yet

but

however

on the other hand

nevertheless

still

otherwise


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